This Agreement goes beyond any oral, written or political agreement reached on the matter and constitutes the full agreement of the parties to that matter. We have been working with them for many years (we have translated more than 400 of them). In the event of a conflict or a different interpretation of the treaty or any of its clauses, a court may refer to the documents or statements exchanged by the parties during the negotiated procedure to attempt to settle the dispute. However, let us not forget that the parties of the Anglo-Saxon countries (England and Wales in particular) have more freedom to get along and, above all, to limit their responsibilities. In our country and in others in our legal environment, these clauses may not be the same. Professor Carrasco (Civil Law Lessons). Law of Contracts and Obligations in General, Ed. Tecnos, S. 150), it is pointed out that `this clause does not allow the choice of means of interpretation of the document, so that the conduct of negotiation excluded as an interpretative matter is nevertheless earlier acts to be dealt with when interpreting the treaty`. However, despite the end, many of them are of great importance and their wording is not always easy to understand. `This Treaty (including its Annexes and Annexed Documents) shall be the full agreement of the Parties who sign it.` It is used to make it known that the contract from which it is derived is the only valid one between the parties and that it includes all the provisions and agreements concluded between them concerning its subject matter.
In other words, there are no other previous agreements or treaties that could influence or modify the agreement agreed therein and, where appropriate, should not be considered valid. The clause called Entire Agreement or merger clause or Integration clause is one of those boilerplate clauses, easily found at the end of contracts written in English. These clauses are sometimes longer and expressly stipulate that, for other previous agreements or contracts signed by the parties on the same subject matter, they are not valid, since the content of this new contract must prevail over all previous agreements. As in this example, we leave you two short examples and our translation: in the jargon of lawyers, they are called boilerplate (which could be translated as “model text” or “standard”) but it is a well-known term. You will not find this name in the contract. In this document, they are grouped under headings such as General, Other Matters or Miscellaneous, which we could translate as “Other subjects” or “Other Covenants”. By potency it can be used, but perhaps its effectiveness in Spain and other similar countries is not so wide….