After Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro received widespread criticism of the protection of the Amazon rainforest, Ireland and France both expressed concern and threatened to veto the agreement if the Brazilian government did not act.  In July 2019, a symbolic motion to reject the trade agreement was passed by 84 votes to 46 in the Irish legislature D`il Iireann.  On 8 August 2019, Luxembourg`s Trade Minister declared that the implementation of the Paris climate agreement was a necessary condition for the signing of the EU and Mercosur trade agreement.  On 28 August, Slovak Agriculture Minister Gabriela Matecna said Slovakia would block the agreement because of Brazil`s unacceptable approach to the Amazon fires.  In September 2019, MEPs from the Austrian Parliament`s European Subcommittee voted almost unanimously to reject the proposed free trade agreement because of concerns about their national agricultural sector and Amazonian forest fires. That is why the government is obliged to veto the pact at EU level, where all 28 Member States and their parliaments must approve trade agreements. MPs from the centre-right party VP and the far-right Liberals also voted against the agreement.  On 20 January 2020, the government of the Belgian Walloon region formally took a stand against the agreement. On 5 February 2020, the Walloon parliament unanimously approved this position (70-0).  On 2 June 2020, the Dutch House of Representatives passed a motion which rejected the Agremeent by a narrow majority.  The government of the Brussels-Capital region declared on 14 July 2020 that the agreement was not acceptable in its current form and listed a number of preconditions. This position was approved by a parliamentary committee on 10 October 2020.
 On 20 August 2020, German Chancellor Angela Merkel expressed doubts about the EU-Mercosur trade agreement and its ability to get by in its current form.  On 29 September 2020, Deputy Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said that Ireland would not ratify the EU and Mercosur trade agreement if no enforceable environmental guarantees were added.  Mercosur is a major market for EU exports and has so far been Latin America`s only major trading partner with which the EU does not have a preferential trade agreement. EU companies exported to the four founding countries of Mercosur: following the adoption and publication, On July 1, 2019, of the 17-page “agreement in principle,” 29 unfinished chapters and appendices of the Trade Agreement with the Disclaimer were published in July and September 2019, that they “were published only for informational purposes and that further changes may be made , particularly as a result of the legal review process.” The main plans to liberalise goods, services and investment have not yet been released.  In the meantime, negotiations continued for the other parts of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement and ended on 18 June 2020 with an agreement on the pillars of political dialogue and cooperation, the preamble and institutional and final arrangements.  This text has not yet been published by the official authorities, but has been disclosed by Greenpeace.  Greenpeace condemned that commitments to protect nature or manage the climate emergency, as defined in the UNFCCC Paris Agreement, were not included in the conditions under which one party could clean up the other sanction or suspend the agreement.  This briefing outlines what we know about the proposed trade agreement, what we do not yet know and the impact it will have on people and forests. The fight against climate change, the preservation of forests and respect for the right of people to make decisions about their own lives can only take place if trade takes place in a way that promotes supply chains without deforestation and respects the rights of the community and indigenous peoples.